Our modern society generates large quantities of residues that pose a very serious threat for the environment as well as for human and animal health. Thus, their management is a policy priority for countries and one of the key dimensions of the European Union sustainable development strategy.
However, one of the main problems we are facing is the treatment of huge quantities of by-products and primary wastes in an environmentally sound way.
Metabioresor aims to contribute to the development of an innovative technology for these purposes with a pilot project managing by-products and organic waste generated in the town of Lorca.
The management of these organic by-products and wastes represents a cost for the local government (pruning and garden debris, cull wood, sewage sludge from urban wastewater), para el livestock farmers (pig manure and carcasses) and agri-food industry (e.g. blood, hair, etc. from slaughterhouses). These organic materials (except pig manure) are usually being dumped to a landfill site or the disposal being carried out by an authorized operator.
The management and transportation of these materials involves environmental and health risks, therefore measures to promote in situ treatment and transformation should be encouraged. In addition, the high economic cost of these management processes must be compensated by waste-recovery initiatives.
The project has a duration of 5 years. It started on June 1, 2010 and will run until December 31, 2015. Its main steps are: